Article (32) of this law provides for the separation of juvenile prisoners from adult prisoners and the separation of female prisoners from male prisoners. In this article, it is in violation of the International Convention on the Rights of the Child. It is not permissible to detain juveniles in prisons, but rather in institutions or care homes for juveniles. The proposal to review the national laws related to children introduced amendments in Articles (28 and 29) of this law, and added an article in the final provisions, namely: “Whoever accepts or keeps in prison a person who has not completed eighteen years of age shall be punished with imprisonment for a period not exceeding two years.” knowing that).
- In addition to what was mentioned, there are many laws that refer to childhood in a simple way, including the Judicial Authority Law where a special chapter is singled out, Chapter Five of Part Two, which includes a special article under the title Juvenile Trial, which is Article (49) stipulating that courts of first instance shall be established to be competent to hear In juvenile cases, it regulates and defines its formations, terms of reference, and procedures to be followed by a juvenile law. As well as the Social Welfare Law , this law singles out social care for people who lose their breadwinner, as it singles them out for care and attention, especially if among the beneficiaries of its services are widows with young children and minors, in accordance with the conditions and criteria set by this law. The press and publications law in force also dealt with the right to freedom of opinion and expression for children. Article No. (3) stipulates freedom of expression, communication and access to information, and considers it a fundamental right of children. The Civil Associations and Institutions Law No. (1) of 2001 AD stipulated the right of children to form an association or any organization of their own in accordance with what was stated in the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Other laws also dealt with children’s rights directly and indirectly, including the Care and Rehabilitation of the Handicapped Law No. (61) of the year 1999, which dealt with the rights of disabled children, the Civil Status Law, the Civil Registry and the Nationality Law. Social security laws also dealt with the child’s right to social security. These laws are Insurance and Pensions Law No. (25) of 1991 AD and are applied to all workers in the state’s administrative apparatus and the public and mixed sectors, as well as Law No. (26) of 91 AD regarding social insurance and are applied to workers in the private sector. Also, Law No. (32) for the year 1992 on pensions and rewards for the armed forces and security. This law is applied to the military, so that these laws give children the right to their father’s salary if he dies until they reach puberty and join a job. In addition to the laws, many ministerial decisions were issued that dealt with childhood, for example the decision Ministerial No. (795) for the year 1995 AD regarding the Social Services Regulations, as well as Ministerial Resolution No. (801) for the year 1995 AD regarding the School Libraries Regulations. Many decisions have also been issued that meet the social needs of children, provide their rights, and work to care and protect them.