I am just back from the Second Meeting on Global Indicators in Bangkok. For Target 16.9 the indicator “Percentage of children under 5 whose births have been registered with civil authority” was agreed by National Statistic Offices (NSOs) prior to the meeting to be “non controversial” and so was not discussed due to a lack of time. This does not mean that it has been “agreed” but it is safe to say there will be one indicator on birth registration - it could be revised slightly to “Percentage of children under 5 whose births have been registered with civil authority, disaggregated by age” - you can see this alternative and country responses to the suggestions here. You can also see individual country positions here under the documents tab.
We have put together the attached meta data table for the target - Meta Data Table for G16.9.docx (381.2 KB) you will see that there are nuances around how this should be tracked to account for minority populations and why tracking by year is important.
A big success of the Bangkok meeting was that government’s agreed to a global target for 16.6 “Proportion of population satisfied with their last experience of public services, disaggregated by service” so potentially this could be utilised to track the relevant government department issuing citizenship documents. This indicator is already collected through SHaSA - 9 countries, including Kenya, have piloted the Harmonised Module on Democratic Governance which looks at how people experience/perceive public services - I don’t believe it currently tracks legal identity but there could be an opportunity to use the methodology. Although we would have to ensure that non-citizens are given household surveys which could be tricky? Dr Robert Buluma has been leading on this work from inside Kenya’s National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) and could be a good ally to talk through the implications of this? @Lore have the Statelessness working group been working with KNBS?
In terms of a wider global indicator, OHCHR proposed “percentage of adult population holding
an identity document” and the Africa Group proposed “Percentage of the adult population possessing a national identity document. “Possession” needs to be established by actual verification of the ID.” There has however been some push back on both of these for the global level as there was concern some governments could use this to persecute certain groups, or use a lack of ID to deny services like you mention @mustafa_mahmoud. Depending on the context these could be taken up at the national/regional level with the right safeguards and monitoring in place. I am also attaching the Justice 2015 Indicators 16.9.docx paper that we put together - in this there are many more indicators, one which may be of interest is “The proportion of requests for identity documents fulfilled or rejected on stated grounds within a reasonable amount of time, defined as X days” - you would have to define the time period for the Kenyan context.
Some of the methodology for tracking these options needs to be worked out, but it is worth stressing that a lack of methodology should not set the level of ambition for indicators. Governments have committed to this and the UN has committed to supporting NSOs to improving data collection techniques.