Namati and its Indian partner, the Centre for Policy Research, have completed a three year study on conflicts over land and natural resources in India, Indonesia and Myanmar. The report has four parts: an overview and a country report each on India, Indonesia and Myanmar. The report besides drawing from already carried out research in the field, relies on an analysis of permissions granted for land transformations in the three countries over the last few decades, analysis of a database created on conflicts as reported in the media and in-depth case studies based on field visits and interviews.
The report highlights that highly capitalised land use change brings powerful investors and corporations, governments and local communities in unequal and precarious arrangements of negotiation and confrontation. Citizens and communities affected by land use change, use varied strategies such as administrative complaints, protests, litigation, media campaigns and political advocacy, and engage in improving project design and implementation, increase compensations, restore community access to resources and get a review on the operations of harmful projects. These are done under conditions of political intransigence and criminalisation of those who speak up. While all three countries have recognised land conflicts and their impact on development plans and proposals, they are yet to give affected people a formal and effective role in land and natural resource governance.