Remedies to address Niger Delta Current crisis in Nigeria a call for collaboration:
‘PREVENTING YOUTH ENROLMENT INTO MILITANCY AND TERRIORISM IN NIGER DELTA.
The total collapse due to violence, and increase conflict in the region is alarming. It’s likely that local youth and ex-militants are recruited by militant leaders to constitute more violence in the region.
THE NEED TO ESTABLISH STRATEGIC PEACE ENGAGEMENT AND
CAPACITIES BUILDING INITIATIVES AS A REPLACEMENT MODEL FOR THE CRAPED ANMESTY PROGRAMME IN THE NIGER DELTA, IS URGENT AND IMPORTANT:
The challenges of militancy and the destruction of life and property in the Niger Delta is highly regrettable which is endangering the economic trust of the nation.
Since the discovery of oil in 1956, the increasing oil exploration and exports from the local communities, the locals still wallow in abject poverty with no meanful development, this gave most of the youths the opportunity to embraced evil (militancy as a way of survival).
The previous government made same mistakes that happened Over the last decades, where no proper strategic approach was taking to tackle the major challenges of poverty, inequality, marginalization that give rise to militancy in the region.
This repression led in subsequent years to the emergence of armed
groups, which initiated attacks on oil corporations. In 2008 the
government launched an unsuccessful crackdown on militants which was followed in June 2009 by an Amnesty Programme initiated by President Yar’Adua. The Programme granted amnesty to all militants who surrendered their weapons within 60 days (6th of August until 4th of October). Yar’Abdu hoped that the biggest threat for the Stabilization of the region and the oil-industry were the armed militants. Approximately 20 000 ex-militants had surrendered their weapons.
The government promised a monthly payment of 65 000 Niara (approx. 325 $) and gave ex-militants vocational rehabilitation training, ranging from six months to five 1 years. Unfortunately the Amnesty Programme was not well elaborated.
Allowances promised to the ex-militants were delayed and the
infrastructure in the camps was insufficient.
Nevertheless the Amnesty Programme superficially succeeded in many points. Violence could be reduced and the production of oil has increased.
However, many present problems are rooted in the Amnesty Programme itself which are as follows:
1, The programme was not well thought through. Based on a top-down regulation, allowances were given to ex-militant commanders for distribution, which instead kept the biggest part for themselves.
2,The programme was base on Compensation with money without due process which was highly criticised because many ex-militants are only interested in the money factor and not the impact of the training.
3,The largest part of the programme’s money is needed
to pay ex-militants commanders, programme managers and many
consultants and contractors involved in the programme.
In their eyes the Programme is a lucrative business and is not longer seen as a transformation strategy.
4,The Environmental Remediation Committee commissioned to explore the roots of environmental problems and provide solutions to reintegrate the region has not come up with any report yet. Additionally many critical issues are still ignored, like the roots of alienation, marginalization, Exploitation, corruption practices, unemployment, poverty and various degree of human right violation, youth and women’s issues.
If this problems are not properly or urgently managed, to engaged the youths in the region in a more productive economic activities, it will lead to an increase youth’s into militancy, and the post-amnesty period will become a vicious circle were the political leader are benefiting and ignoring those that actually need the support.
Over all Objective:
1.To prevent the recruitment of youth into Militancy
2.To contribute to an overall sustainable peace and economic development initiative in Niger Delta,
3.To conduct a thorough community need/ impart assessment and conflict analysis as we address the root cause of youth restiveness by engaging the youth with economic development and empowerment programs.
4.To establish dialogue process and to work on (re)integration and peace building, capacity development activities at local community level.
Specific Objectives :
1, To engage community heads, youth leaders, youth groups, media to advocate for peaceful conflict transformation, and transition strategy for post Amnesty programme in the Niger Delta.
2,Organise Capacity building programme with focused group discussions to repositioned their mind, to discover a path for entrepreneurship and economic development activities instead of militancy.
3, To setup peace club that will engage the youth’s in peaceful and income generating and sporting activities instead of joining or going back to militancy
4, To organize Peace Festival/youth march for peace road show a reconciliation programme